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Rs7903146 variant of TCF7L2 gene and rs18012824 variant of PPARG2 gene (Pro12Ala) are associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Novosibirsk population

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Abstract


Aim.
 To investigate the association of polymorphisms in TCF7L2 and PPARG2 genes with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Novosibirsk population.
Materials and Methods.
We examined 391 patients with T2DM and 556 individuals with normal glucose metabolism. Allelic identification was performed with TaqMan technique, implementing allele-specific real-time PCR.
Results.
 Analysis shows that allelic frequency distribution of rs1801282 variant of PPARG2 gene and rs7903146 variant of TCF7L2 differs significantly between the study and control groups (OR [CI 95%]=1.44 [1.12?1.85], p=0.005 and OR [CI 95%]=1.57 [1.17?2.10], p=0.003, respectively). T2DM patients with T/T genotype of rs7903146 variant of TCF7L2 gene had lower BMI (p=0.02). Observed combination of risk alleles reached 99%. Combined beta-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance genotypes were identified in 56% of tested subjects, isolated insulin resistance ? in 42.2% of subjects, and isolated beta-cell dysfunction ? in 0.8% of subjects.
Conclusion.
 Our data shows that carrier state of 12Pro rs1801284 variant of PPARG2 gene and T-allele rs7903146 variant of TCF7L2 gene are associated with T2DM in Novosibirsk population, increasing its risk 1.44 and 1.57 times, respectively. Combination of these polymorphisms was observed in 99% of patients with T2DM.

Irina Arkad'evna Bondar'

Novosibirsk State Medical University, Novosibirsk

Author for correspondence.
Email: bondaria@oblmed.nsk.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD, Professor, Head of Endocrinology Department

Maksim Leonidovich Filipenko

Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Novosibirsk

Email: max@niboch.nsc.ru

Russian Federation PhD, Head of Farmacogenomics Laboratory

Olesya Yur'evna Shabel'nikova

Novosibirsk State Regional Hospital, Novosibirsk

Email: odc@oblmed.nsk.ru

Russian Federation MD, PhD, Head of Regional Diabetic Center

Ekaterina Alexandrovna Sokolova

Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Novosibirsk

Email: max@niboch.nsc.ru

Russian Federation Researcher in Farmacogenomics Laboratory

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Copyright (c) 2013 Bondar' I.A., Filipenko M.L., Shabel'nikova O.Y., Sokolova E.A.

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