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Iodine Status and Goiter Prevalence in Nizhegorodsky Region

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Abstract


The undertaken study was to evaluate the severity of iodine deficiency and to establish the prevalence of goiter in the city of Nizhny Novgorod and in 35 districts of Nizhegorodsky region. 1868 children aged 8—11 years were examined. The median of urinary iodine concentration was measured, and the size of the thyroid was determined by palpation and by ultrasound study. Among all the examinees, the detection rate of the goiter was 19.4% (as evidenced by palpation) and the median of urinary iodine concentration was 45.05 μg/l. The findings indicate natural iodine deficiency on the whole territory studied with severity variations from mild to moderate, and the disparity in goiter rate and iodine excretion level in some districts of Nizhegorodsky region. Cluster analysis and automatic classification of the districts based on goiter prevalence and urinary iodine parameters may be useful for a comprehensive assessment of iodine status in the whole region. Analyzing the pattern of the spread of goiter has demonstrated the role of geochemical, social and medical factors existing in the region. Key words: iodine deficiency, goiter, population based stady, thyroid.

  1. Герасимов Г.А., Фадеев В.В., Свириденко Н.Ю., Мельниченко Г.А., Дедов И.И. Йоддефицитные заболевания в России. М., 2002.
  2. Герасимов Г.А. Йодирование соли - эффективный путь ликвидации йоддефицитных заболеваний в России. // Проблемы эндокринологии. 2002. № 6. С. 710.
  3. Осокина И.В., Манчук В.Т. Йоддефицитные заболевания в Республике Хакасия // Проблемы эндокринологии. 2003. № 3. С. 22-23.

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