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Sleep in obese patients

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Abstract


Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of duration and individual characteristics of sleep and chronotype on body weight, eating behavior, anxiety, depression, life quality, metabolic and hormonal parameters of obese patients. Materials and methods: 200 patients with primary obesity were studied: 83 men and 117 women at age from 18 to 61 years old, median age 41,5 years [31,0; 50,0]; body weight 107 kg [94; 128,5], waist circumference 112 cm [102; 124]; neck circumference 41 cm [38; 46], body mass index (BMI) 36,9 [32,8; 42,3]. Results: We found an association between sleep duration, chronotype and the emotional eating. Significant sleep reduction (to less than 6 hours) was associated with high level of anxiety, depression, emotional eating and insomnia. Younger age, early onset and shorter duration of obesity and brisk weight gain during last is connected to the evening chronotype. The emotional eating associated with hypersomnolence in the absence of statistically significant increase of anxiety and depression in individuals with evening chronotype. Sleep duration and chronotype have no significant effect on the body weight, metabolic, hormonal parameters and the dynamics of body. weight after 7±1 months of treatment of obesity.

Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow

Author for correspondence.
Email: nstr84@mail.ru

Russian Federation MD, postgraduate student

Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow

Email: melnich@endocrincentr.ru

Russian Federation

acad., prof., MD Ph.D., director of the Institute of Clinical Endocrinology in  Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow

ГБОУ ВПО «Первый московский государственный медицинский университет имени И.М. Сеченова» Минздрава России

Email: polouekt@mail.ru

Russian Federation

MD, Head of the Department of Sleep Medicine in I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University 

Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow

Email: larisa.savelieva@inbox.ru

Russian Federation

MD, Head of the Department of therapy treatment of endocrinopathies  in Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow

Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow

Email: goncharovN@endocrincentr.ru

Russian Federation

MD, Ph.D, chief researcher of the Laboratory of Biochemical Endocrinology and hormonal analysis in Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow

Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow

Email: goncharovN@endocrincentr.ru

Russian Federation

MD, Ph.D., prof ., head of the Laboratory of Biochemical Endocrinology and hormonal analysis in Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow

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Copyright (c) 2014 Strueva N.V., Melnichenko G.A., Poluektov M.G., Savel'eva L.V., Katsiya G.V., Goncharov N.P.

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