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Adipokines: mechanisms of metabolic and behavioral disorders

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Abstract


Current studies show that metabolic and behavioral disorders represent severe health problems. Several questions arise about the molecular relationship of metabolic and behavioral disorders. This review will discuss the relationship of lipid metabolism and fructose consumption accompanied by an increase in weight as well as associated disorders: hypertension, insulin-resistance, oxidative stress and depression. Adipose tissue is considered as an endocrine tissue with intense secretory activities (metabolic and inflammatory). These adipokines are responsible for an alteration of several physiological functions. In this review we will try to understand how lipogenesis that causes dyslipidemia can influence insulin resistance, hypertension, oxidative stress, depression and the relationship between these various disorders.


Yassine Chahirou

Ibn Tofail University

Author for correspondence.
Email: yassine_chahirou@hotmail.fr
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0755-8811

Morocco, Av. de L'Université, Kénitra

departement sciences of life

Abdelhalim Mesfioui

Ibn Tofail University

Email: a.mesfioui@yahoo.fr
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1028-7469

Morocco, Av. de L'Université, Kénitra

Ali Ouichou

Ibn Tofail University

Email: ouichou@hotmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9704-8526

Morocco, Av. de L'Université, Kénitra

Aboubaker Hessni

Ibn Tofail University

Email: elhessni70@yahoo.fr
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4890-7069

Morocco, Av. de L'Université, Kénitra

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1. Fig. 1. Capture of fatty acids from chylomicrons and cholesterol derived from very low density lipoproteins (VLDL / VLDL). View (156KB) Indexing metadata
2. Fig. 2. Control of lipolysis and lipogenesis by natriuretic peptides, catecholamines and insulin: natriuretic peptides and catecholamines stimulate lipolysis by activating hormone-sensitive lipase (GLL / HSL), while insulin is a powerful inhibitor of lipolysis, reducing the activation of GLF. View (156KB) Indexing metadata
3. Fig. 3. Development of insulin resistance due to adipokines. View (50KB) Indexing metadata
4. Fig. 4. The formation of free radicals in the process of cellular respiration: a schematic representation of the formation of free radicals, excessive production of NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) and FADH2 (flavin adenine dinucleotide) leads to dysfunction of complexes I and III, which is accompanied by excessive release of O2- (superoxide anion). View (70KB) Indexing metadata
5. Fig. 5. The role of adipokines in the development of behavioral disorders: (A) a schematic representation of the effect of insulin and leptin on behavior. (B) Schematic representation of the effect of cytokines on behavior. View (162KB) Indexing metadata

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Copyright (c) 2018 Chahirou Y., Mesfioui A., Ouichou A., Hessni A.

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