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Dynamic monitoring of iodine sufficiency in Belarus: results and problems

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Abstract


The strategy for elimination of iodine deficiency in the population was developed and implemented in the Republic of Belarus. It is based on acceptance of recommendations that iodized salt is a unique source of iodine support. Currently, adequate iodine consumption is achieved. The prevalence of thyroid gland diseases caused by iodine deficiency was significantly decreased. In 2013, the International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD), a global non-profit non-governmental organization established to eliminate iodine deficiency and its negative consequences, published the results of iodine status assessment in the world. According to these data, the Republic of Belarus provides adequate iodine intake. In 2016, Iodine Global Network published maps characterizing iodine supply for the two main categories — school-age children and pregnant females. These data have confirmed that the Republic of Belarus refers to countries with sufficient iodine consumption according to the results of subnational studies. Despite the achieved successes, new issues are raised: quality of iodine sufficiency monitoring, risks of excessive salt intake, and need for new approaches to diagnosing thyroid pathology due to iodine deficiency.


Tatiana V. Mokhort

Belarusian State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: tat_mokh@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5040-3460
SPIN-code: 4994-2811

Belarus, 220116, Dzerzinskogo, 83, Minsk

MD, PhD, Professor

Natalia D. Kolomiets

Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education

Email: ndkolomiets@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4837-5181
SPIN-code: 4602-0628

Belarus, 220013, Minsk, P.Browki str., 3/3

MD, PhD, Professor

Sergei V. Petrenko

International Sakharov Environmental University

Email: petrenko51@yahoo.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6248-4619

Belarus, 220070, Minsk, Dolgobrodskaya, 23/1

MD, PhD

Ekaterina V. Fedorenko

Republican Centre for Hygiene

Email: afedorenko71@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1240-1234

Belarus, 8, Akademicheskaya str., Minsk, 220012

MD, PhD, Associated Professor

Alena G. Mokhort

Belarusian State Medical University

Email: elenmokhort@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6748-9598
SPIN-code: 2762-1342

Belarus, 220116, Dzerzinskogo, 83, Minsk

PhD, MD

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1. Fig. 1. Monitoring of urinary iodine excretion in representative groups of children and adolescents of Belarus (2001-2016). View (62KB) Indexing metadata
2. Fig. 2. The share of sales of iodized salt in the Republic of Belarus in 2001-2016. View (64KB) Indexing metadata
3. Fig. 3. Dynamics of the share of samples of iodized salt that do not meet the quality standards (2002-2016). The number of samples from all areas is more than 2000 per year. View (31KB) Indexing metadata
4. Fig. 4. Diffuse goiter: primary incidence (per 100 thousand population). View (23KB) Indexing metadata
5. Fig. 5. Diffuse goiter: primary incidence in children (per 100 thousand population). View (34KB) Indexing metadata
6. Fig. 6. Dynamics of primary incidence of PGM by results of screening (per 100 000 population). View (51KB) Indexing metadata
7. Fig. 7. Data IGN 2016: median excretion of iodine in urine in schoolchildren [20]. View (169KB) Indexing metadata
8. Fig. 8. Data IGN 2016: median excretion of iodine in urine in pregnant women [20]. View (178KB) Indexing metadata

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Copyright (c) 2018 Mokhort T.V., Kolomiets N.D., Petrenko S.V., Fedorenko E.V., Mokhort A.G.

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