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The interaction between polyphenols and food proteins: prospects for diet therapy of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus

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Abstract


The use of minor biologically active components of food (flavonoids) as functional food ingredients for foods for special dietary uses is a promising trend in prevention and treatment of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism disorders resulting from the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Unlike the in vitro studies that are conducted mainly on cell cultures, the results of clinical studies may be influenced by low bioavailability of polyphenols. This fact makes it impossible to reach the beneficial effects of polyphenols in some cases. Thus, the problem of polyphenol bioavailability enhancement is the main direction in producing highly effective specialized anti-diabetic food products. In this review, the interaction between proteins and polyphenolic compounds is discussed from the viewpoint of the potential to protect polyphenols against degradation in the digestive tract, to increase their stability and pharmacological activity compared to those of the conventional compositions. The problems of interactions between polyphenols and food proteins, digestive enzymes and cell transporters in the gastrointestinal tract have not been sufficiently covered in Russian academic publications. The studies focused on the mechanisms of interactions between polyphenols and proteins, considering the corresponding structural changes are of interest for predicting possible changes in their bioavailability. Polyphenol binding to proteins is influenced by the primary structure of a protein macromolecule, the spatial distribution of amino acid residues responsible for polyphenol binding, and some other parameters characterizing the conditions of interactions.


Vladimir K. Mazo

Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Email: mazo@ion.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3237-7967
SPIN-code: 4142-4720

Russian Federation, 2/14, Ustinskiy proezd, Moscow, 109240

PhD, professor

Nikita A. Petrov

Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Email: petrov-nikita-y@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9755-6002
SPIN-code: 4195-9733

Russian Federation, 2/14, Ustinskiy proezd, Moscow, 109240

Лаборант-исследователь

Varuzhan A. Sarkisyan

Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Author for correspondence.
Email: sarkisyan.varuzhan@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5911-610X
SPIN-code: 3597-2337

Russian Federation, 2/14, Ustinskiy proezd, Moscow, 109240

PhD

Alla A. Kochetkova

Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Email: kochetkova@ion.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9821-192X
SPIN-code: 6350-7998

Russian Federation, 2/14, Ustinskiy proezd, Moscow, 109240

PhD, professor

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Copyright (c) 2018 Mazo V.K., Petrov N.A., Sarkisyan V.A., Kochetkova A.A.

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