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Minimally invasive surgery colloidal cystic thyroid nodules

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Abstract


An analysis of the use of minimally invasive interventions - laser-induced thermotherapy (LITT), ethanol destruction (ED) under ultrasound guidance, a combination of these methods in the treatment of сystic-col- loidal nodes (CCN) of thyroid nodules in 120 patients. ED carried out in 31 patients with cystic destruction of a site of more than 70%. Marked decrease in the average volume with 4.68 ± 2.25 cm3 to 1.15 ± 0.9 cm3. In 4 patients remained cystic cavity of small size, which required a combination of LITT (CombiLITT). Nine patients underwent LITT solid residue of more than 1 cm3. The average size of nodules within 6 months after the primary surgery was 0.9 ± 0.3 cm3. СombiLITT performed in 42 patients with cystic cavity from 20 to 70%. The volume of units decreased from 7.98 ± 4.56 to 1.87 ± 0.9 cm3. After 3 months, 11 patients with the size of a solid residue of more than 1 cm3 held LITT. All of them when viewed after 3 months observed decrease of more than 50%. LITT performed 23 patients with major nodes and cystic cavities less than 20% of the node. Marked decrease in the amount of nodes with 2.89 ± 1.25 cm3 to 1.42 ± 0.8 cm3. Retesting LITT took 2 patients. After 6 months, the average amount of units was 0.7 ± 0.2 cm3 LITT conducted in 24 patients with small cystic nodes to 1 cm3. Marked decrease in size from 0.69 ± 0.23 cm3 to 0.29 ± 0.12 cm3. Varied selection of minimally inva- sive treatment of CCN is effective and in most cases, to achieve reduction of the size of nodes.

V G Petrov

Email: v_doc@mail.ru
doktor med. nauk, professor kafedry khirurgicheskikh bolezney FPK i PPS TyumGMA

E A Antonova

vrach-endokrinolog GBUZ TO “Endokrinologicheskiy dispanser”

A A Nelaeva

doktor med. nauk, professor, glavnyy vrach GBUZ TO “Endokrinologicheskiy dispanser”

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